Regional Drought Monitoring

Introduction

Agro-Insurances and governments are facing the problem of getting an objective overview of the actual vegetation development at state, regional and local level. In particular droughts are posing a systematic risk to insurance and lenders portfolios. Politicians need to know if farmers require help. We have developed the regional crop performance service based on the VCI (Vegetation Condition Index). It is available as API and map service. This service allows to effectively monitor drought (and other natural hazard) risks based on the observed crop development down to the village level (and other administrative units such as revenue circles, agroinsurance-units, subdistricts, districts and even federal states or provinces). 


This brings significant benefits to you:

  • understanding current vegetation condition
  • timely updates on the actual drought risk 
  • enables crop risk assessment and mitigation from continental level down to village level
  • available globally and based on a 20-year historical datastack
  • adapt and improve irrigation practices
  • localization of crop growth anomalies

Description


The VCI is a very robust crop performance indicator during drought, flood and other natural hazard alerts. It is very well known from platforms such as the FAO agricultural vulnerability monitor, the IWMI drought monitoring systemCopernicus Global Land Service, the GEOGLAM Crop Monitor or several regional scale research studies (Zambrano et al.Dutta et al. or Liang et al.).


The standard Regional Crop Performance gives a clear indication about the vegetation status in agricultural areas. The drought severeness categorization follows an international recognised classification used by the FAO. It is available for India and it is currently updated on a monthly basis. On request it can also be provided for other regions or with weekly updates. 

delayed Monsoon June 2019
Normal Monsoon June 2020 

The product comprises a classified map at Taluk or village level, the time series per regional unit and a detailed map.

Localization of regional weather anomalies (droughts, cyclones, floods). A historical analysis of the VCI values for a certain region allows to assess agricultural vulnerability based on regular or re-occurring hazard events. On the other side, the VCI also allows for the assessment of agriculturally productive and successful areas, which are not likely to be exposed or have never been prone to such events. This is crucial for the selection of agriculturally suitable sites for certain crop types and crop varieties.